ECCA 2019 will be held in the city of Lissbon
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ECCA 2019

Working together to prepare for change
From
28.05.2019 10:00
To
31.05.2019 17:00

Cultural Center of Belém Foundation (CCB)

Praça do Império
1449-003 Lisboa
Portugal
Register
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Agenda

Urban microclimate modelling methodology at pan-European level to support adaptation planning and design in cities
Mattia Leone

While climate change impacts affect cities globally, adaptation measures need to be identified and designed locally. Specific settlement and microclimate conditions play a crucial role in aggravating the intensity of extreme weather events, such as heat waves and flooding.

In the field of climate risk modelling, a key area of study concerns the integration of the urban microclimate analysis. The conventional Global Climate Model an Regional Climate Model downscaling approach refine climate projections. They also capture the variations at urban scale of hazard indicators as the Mean Radiant Temperature  and the flooding paths and accumulation areas.

It is an emerging and interdisciplinary field, where climate science, earth observation, urban studies, environmental design and building technology can contribute to identify suitable approaches to microclimate modelling.

The H2020-CLARITY project (www.clarity-h2020.eu) aims at developing Climate Services to support the integration of adaptation measures in urban infrastructure projects. It provides an innovative hazard/impact modelling methodology that takes into account urban microclimate variability. The microclimate effect in European cities is quantified by exploiting the potential of the wide amount of data generated by satellite earth observations and made available at pan-European level through the Copernicus datasets (e.g. Urban Atlas, European Settlement Map, etc.). This dataset can be processed with specific algorithms and GIS spatial analysis tools to extract detailed information related to key parameters linked to urban morphology and surface type, such as albedo, emissivity, buildings shadows, green fraction and runoff coefficient.

The proposed methodology allows to refine the information derived from climate models, with a typical maximum resolution of 10-12km (such as Euro-Cordex), at the level of a 250x250m mesh overlapped on European urban areas, thanks to the high resolution of satellite data. This information is used as input of the CLARITY Pre-feasibility assessment tool, which aims at supporting a detailed quantification of expected impacts from extreme heat and precipitation events, and a first screening of suitable adaptation measures tailored to the city-specific context.

The aim is to extend through a new generation of Climate Services the application of Copernicus data, as a harmonized, freely available and expanding data repository at EU level, also exploiting the synergies with other EU initiatives, such as the Risk Data Hub currently being developed by the Disaster Risk Management Knowledge Centre.

Target audience

This session is meant for experts and practitioners, researchers and climate innovators, as well as policy makers at various governance levels. The session will offer a concise overview of the available and envisaged climate services, their performance and strategies adopted to boost their deployment. Developers and purveyors of climate services will learn about the bottlenecks of and good practices for development of climate services. Funders and policy makers will get insights about ways to boost uptake of climate knowledge for adaptation decision making. Users will learn about why it may be beneficial for them to use climate services in the context of climate change adaptation and disaster risk reduction.

Exploitation in CCA and DDR
Andrea Geyer-Scholz

Joint session with the projects BINGO, BRIGAID, VITENS and NAIAD
 

Why attend this session?
 

Research and innovation in Climate Change Adaptation and Disaster Risk Reduction is a growing field, with an increasingly number of projects dedicated to understanding the impacts of climate change and developing solutions to either adapt to or mitigate these impacts. However, one of the most demanding challenges in research and innovation in these (and many other) areas is ensuring the sustainability of the results after the projects’ completion.


How can we extract as much value (ideas, methodologies, products, services) from these results as possible? How to make them self-sustaining? Can they be monetised, further developed, used in other research? How do we reach the end-users?


Exploitation strategies aim to answer these questions by defining the results which are truly exploitable, and not specific for the context of the project itself.
Consequently, the exploitation has taken a significant position in research and innovation, as investments on such projects aim to maximise and proliferate the value created through the work developed.
 

What will you learn?
 

Establishing synergies between researchers and other stakeholders is crucial, not only to be aware of the exploitation strategies of other projects and how they can be of use to different projects, but also to understand how one project’s results can be complemented with another project’s results.

  • To create new synergies between the projects and the audience (for example among investors, companies, SMEs, policy makers, decision makers, researchers);
  • To discuss exploitation strategies and their approaches in sustainability (scalability, replication, adapting and replication to other projects);
  • To cluster results and discuss and plan possible joint exploitation actions.
     

Who should attend this session?

  • Persons interested in exploiting results from research-near projects 
  • Business developers
  • Persons sourcing solutions and technology
  • Persons looking for cooperations: research-research, research-enterprise

 

Tools and data for climate resilient cities (Workshop)
Rosmarie de Wit

The goal of this workshop is to identify key factors promoting the relevance of climate change information for municipalities. After five short presentations, all workshop participants are invited to share their experiences and strategies converning the usability and use of climate change adaptation data and discuss successes and problems encountered in the process.

Program
 

- Examining the barriers to using climate projections in local adaptation planning (Susanne Lorenz, Phd, Sustainability Research Institute/ESRC Centre for Climate Change Economics and Policy, University of Leeds, UK)

- Climate adaptation – information needs and gaps of urban administrations (Prof. Dr. Annegret Thieken, University of Potsdam, Germany)

- The CLARITY climate service modelling chain supporting urban climate change resilience (Dr. Rosmarie de Wit, ZAMG, Vienna, Austria)

- Using urban climate data to implement adaptation in the City of Munich (Dr. Veronika Wirth and Dr. Teresa Zölch, City of Munich, Germany)

- Communication Strategy for Delivering Effective Climate Services (Dr. Jordi Prades Tena, Universitat Rovira i Virgili, Spain)

- Discussion (all participants)

Demonstrating the effects of climate adaptation measures for the Austrian City of Linz as part of CLARITY´s climate services
Astrid Kainz

Urban areas and traffic infrastructure are particularly affected by climate change, thus raising the need for well-founded climate adaptation strategies. 

What we do at CLARITY


The project CLARITY, funded by EU Horizon 2020 Programme, aims at implementing a climate services information system (CSIS) specifically designed to address climate related hazards and to provide climate change adaptation strategies for supporting urban infrastructure development. The CSIS is tested and demonstrated on four study areas in different regional and climatological contexts. In this study, we focus on the Austrian demonstration case that addresses the compound effects of heat waves and urban heat islands in the city of Linz, which under climate change are expected to worsen. 

Our project in detail


The dynamical urban climate model MUKLIMO_3, developed by the Deutscher Wetterdienst (DWD), is used to investigate urban heat island effects and to carry out sensitivity simulations of climate adaptation measures for the city of Linz and its surrounding area. The model simulations, performed at a horizontal resolution of 100m, are based on Copernicus Urban Atlas land cover data combined with local data provided by the city administration of Linz to consider city-specific structures. A dynamical-statistical downscaling method is applied to derive climate indices for long-term historical and future climate periods by combining high-resolution model output with observational data and regional climate projections.

 
Model results are used to analyze the current and future climatic situation in the city of Linz in terms of urban heat load. Furthermore, several climate adaptation scenarios are tested with respect to their efficiency in reducing urban heat stress. These include, amongst others, roof greening, increased albedo of roofs and walls, unsealing of surfaces and increased vegetation cover. Depending on the scenario, moderate to strong cooling effects are found as indicated by a reduction in the mean annual number of summer days, hot days and tropical nights. 


The main findings obtained in this study are used to demonstrate how urban climate models promote the efficiency assessment of different climate adaptation strategies and how they contribute to climate resilient urban planning. 

Register now and explore more!

Stockholm as a heat resilient city for the future - the role of climate services in urban planning
Jorge Amorim

"Climate services have the potential to become the intelligence behind the transition to a climate-resilient society." (European Commission)

Why attend this session?
 

While the urban population in Europe is projected to exceed 80 % by 2050, augmented extreme weather events will push the resilience of citizens to its limits. The changing weather calls for efficient adaptation measures.


Within the scope of the co-creation of a Climate Services Information System (CSIS) in the Horizon2020 project CLARITY, and with the support of the Swedish Civil Contingency Agency, SMHI has been cooperating with Stockholm municipality in the calculation and visualization of the effects of heat-waves.


The city's growing need of housing and roads demands for the citizens' wellbeing and health to be safeguarded, while the resilience to climate hazards is strengthened. For this purpose, the impacts of urban development scenarios are investigated, namely the construction of 140 000 new homes by 2030, including one of Europe´s largest urban development areas: the ‘Stockholm Royal Seaport’. The implementation of urban green infrastructure as an adaptation tool is also being assessed through different scenarios.

What we investigated
 

High resolution climate simulations are carried out at 1 km grid space using a dynamical downscaling technique. The Numerical Weather Prediction system HARMONIE-AROME is applied with lateral boundary data provided by the UERRA-ALADIN reanalysis and surface observations retrieved from the ECMWF MARS archive. Surface/atmosphere fluxes over the city are computed by the Town Energy Balance (TEB) model. This method has been developed and validated in the Copernicus Climate Change Service UrbanSIS.


The summer of 2014, which encompassed a heat wave in the period 5-10 July with daily average air temperature above 26 oC, was selected as baseline for the study. Results show that average temperature increases by 0.45 oC in 2030, with larger differences found in urbanized forest lands. Also, the average cooling currently induced by urban vegetation in Stockholm was estimated as 0.4 oC. In parks (e.g., Observatorietlunden), a strong diurnal cycle leads to night-/daytime average cooling ranging between 3.5 and 0.9 oC, respectively, in the simulated summer period.


Co-created climate services that include user-tailored downscaled urban climate data, in the example of Stockholm, provide new insights for urban planning and development, including landscape architecture and the use of Nature-based Solutions. CLARITY is therefore targeted at delivering innovative and efficient solutions for the adaptation of cities to climate change.